For our project titled “The Impact of 13679,” we wanted to create a compelling and authentic information visualization that reports a fuller, humanist representation of data collected by the United States Department of Homeland Security from 2009 through 2018.
We are centering the experiences of individuals with connections to the seven countries banned entry to the United States by President Trump’s Executive Order 13769, also known as “Muslim Ban 1.0,” which was enacted on January 27, 2017. This project serves as a platform for their stories, with emphasis on the impacts felt on them, their families, and their communities.
We hope that our project serves as a catalyst for honest and productive dialogue on how might we prevent biased policies that cause real harm to real people from happening again, and to inspire and define ways that we can come together as Americans to protect civil liberties for all.
This research and information design project was developed and conducted by Erika Enomoto, Kris Fortmann, and Cheng-Feng Sun, graduate students in the Information School at the University of Washington.
“To be clear, this is not a Muslim ban, as the media is falsely reporting. This is not about religion — this is about terror and keeping our country safe.”Donald J. Trump, President of the United States
On January 27, 2017, United States President Donald Trump signed and put into effect Executive Order 13769. This order became known as the “Muslim Ban” as it blocked entry to the United States for nearly 700 citizens from seven Muslim-majority countries: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen, while revoking the Visas of over 60,000 people.
Timeline of the Muslim Ban
Source: ACLU Washington
Muslim Ban 1.0, the first Muslim Ban, was blocked within the first three days by federal judge injunction for being unconstitutional.
Muslim Ban 2.0 was then instituted as an Executive Order on March 6, 2017; the ban was again blocked by federal judge, this time before it could take effect.
Muslim Ban 3.0, currently in effect, was implemented on September 24, 2017 as Presidential Proclamation 9645.
Although briefly blocked, the Supreme Court ruled that the ban could be temporarily implemented.
On June 26, 2018, the Supreme Court voted to uphold the ban.
Data Stories by Country
The government’s own data reveal that the attempt to prevent terrorism in the United States by blocking people’s entrance based on nationality is nonsensical. The motive is not national security, but discrimination.Source: The Atlantic
“At Dallas Fort Worth International Airport, a 70-year-old Iranian woman who recently received her green card was released after being detained overnight.” Source: The Washington Post
“We feel really terrible about the news. I bought my ticket [to the US] and have a flight in 10 days; now we don’t know what we are going to do. All of my family are in the US including my mother and father. They are American citizens. I had planned to study there, now everything has changed,” said Ardeshir Namavar, a US green card holder in Tehran. Source: Al Jazeera
“They told me that the host country has changed their policy, and imposed a ban on refugees for 120 days. I’m shocked and I feel hopeless. This decision is a matter of life and death for me and my family,” said Haval al-Kurdi. Over the past 10 years, he worked with several American companies. “The terrorists and extremists consider me a traitor and infidel. Trump accuses me of being a terrorist Muslim. What do I do now? I need a solution. I need help.” Source: Al Jazeera
“After all I’ve done for the Americans, entering battles side by side with them, now I’m a terrorist in their eyes,” said Salih al-Issawi, 30, who worked as an interpreter with the U.S. Marines in Fallujah between 2006 and 2011, when he applied for resettlement. “They are ungrateful and left me stuck here to die.” Source: Washington Post
When Libyan-American Abrar Omeish got married, more than a dozen members of her wife’s close family, all living in Libya, were not able to attend the ceremony due to the ban. She was devastated. “It’s like we have to live as second-class citizens. We’re not allowed to access our families just because we happen to be from a certain background, because we’re Muslim,” she said. Source: The Guardian
“I haven’t seen my family [in Libya] in three years,” said Washington State University Graduate Student Faraj Aljarih. “If I want to see them, I will not be able to come back here, and if I want to stay here, I will not be able to see my family.” Source: Inside Higher Ed
After 10 years of undergoing a series of interviews, security, medical and background checks, Abdirizak Salat’s case was finally approved for November 2016, when the US was preparing for presidential elections. A week after taking office in January 2017, Trump signed an executive order halting all refugee admissions and temporarily barring people from seven Muslim-majority countries… “I was told my travel has been suspended. I could not travel because of Trump’s ban. I felt devastated. I had sold everything I had because I knew my days in Dadaab were over. It was painful,” he said. Source: Al Jazeera
“We’re here to be Americans and to follow the American dream to make better lives for our family and our kids. We just want to be a part of the American dream. If you’re denying us that based on our religion, then that’s discrimination, and I don’t think that’s what America stands for,” said Hamdia Ahmed. Source: VICE
Dr. Khaled Almilaji came to the United States to get a master’s degree in public health at Brown University. During winter break, he went to Turkey to work with local aid organizations. Between his departure and his scheduled return for the next semester, President Donald Trump banned Syrians from traveling to the United States. Shortly thereafter, Khaled lost his visa and was prohibited from returning to continue his studies. Meanwhile, his pregnant wife Jihan lives alone in New York. Source: Vox
Sahar Algonaimi was detained for five hours at Chicago O’Hare International Airport following the issuance of the executive order. She traveled to the United States from Saudi Arabia to visit her 76-year-old mother who is recovering from surgery for breast cancer. Although she held a U.S. visa and had planned to stay in the country for a week, she was she was forced to board a flight to the United Arab Emirates instead of being allowed to clear customs. Source: American Progress
“When her parents call, Sara asks when they’ll finally be together and the answer is always the same, ‘after two weeks,’ her parents tell her. But it’s been over a year.” Source: NPR.org
“This executive order has affected thousands of Yemeni American New Yorkers, including myself and my family. I don’t know what will happen with this ban, but what I do know is I want my husband here with me. It’s already difficult to be in this long distance and then to have your government add this burden, it’s inhumane,” said Raabyaah Althaibani. Source: The Guardian
“What we’ve seen here is stunning. No president ever has used the authority and statute of the law to ban people based on their religion, ban people based on their nationality.”David Leopold, Immigration Lawyer
Source: The Atlantic
We created visualizations of non-immigrant visa data reported on two recently banned countries, North Korea and Venezuela, as well as Taiwan, a country that is not banned. We hope that including these will help contextualize the situation, and we intend to include visual aids of data on more countries in the future.
Here is a compiled view of charts that illustrate the number of accepted and rejected Non Immigrant Travel Visa Applications by country of citizenship. This data was collected and made available through the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.